Login     Sign Up     |      Home      Regions      Verify a Certification     EBA Portal    

Terrorism Risk Assessment Needed


The problem with developing an assessment of the risk of extremism is that there’s no singular profile for extremists, making it difficult to choose the factors to be included. The differences between different kinds of extremism include different motivations and the methods used to carry out the act of terrorism.
 
Terrorism can be performed by an individual or by a more organized group. Terrorists could be motivated by religion, feeling they have a divine command to carry out the violence as a sacred duty. Or they may be trying to achieve an elevated status or create a new state, known as nationalist-separatist terrorism. Criminologists and forensic psychiatrists have agreed on some common features of extremists; such as the feeling of alienation and like a victim of injustice; along with insufficient remorse and an unblinking devotion to their chosen cause.
 
There are currently only a few risk assessment guides out there and even they need to be worked on to establish the difference between terrorism and other violent criminal behavior. Risk assessment is needed as it helps identify people who are likely to commit violent acts in the future. Better assessing risks means a reduction in worries that the current trends in university student extremism could be the future of terrorism. There are several approaches to risk assessment that use historical, contextual, and personality factors most commonly seen in violent offenders. A structured professional judgment guide, including defined risk factors, is thought to increase the chances of recognizing extremism trends that indicate future terrorism. The risk factors are rated according to how much subjects display them.
 
Some alternate approaches have been devised such as an unaided critical judgment, which is a flexible and unstructured approach to individuals. This method is considered to be too subjective and, therefore, not reliable or valid enough. There are actuarial methods as well. These rely on a small set of risk factors that are static across different people and situations. These methods may be too rigid and do not take individual differences into account, which is why structured professional judgment provides a systematic but still flexible compromise.
 
It is a cry of the times that academic endeavors can be generated that include the hands-on training of higher education leaders that would help to prepare and combat the progressive radicalization seen among Pakistani youth and those in higher learning across Pakistan. HEC seriously considers the efforts to control university student and staff radicalization as part of the counter-terrorism strategy the government is employing, and is looking forward to when universities will develop ideas and programs to tackle terrorism at the core, preventing people from becoming terrorists or sympathizing with them.
 
Shifa Tameer-e-Miliat University are taking the initiative on the national issue, making it a top priority. They have conducted a workshop for higher education leaders to create and discuss plans to identify risk assessment and prevention methods to examine the issue of radicalization and extremism plaguing universities. The workshop aims to guide Vice Chancellors of higher education facilities such as universities to create strategies and tools for screening to protect students from being exposed to extremist ideas. Extremism is becoming a bigger political, public, and even academic concern as time passes. But just what does ‘extremism’ mean, and how does it apply to the regional context?
 
While a lot of research has been conducted to investigate extremism, Pakistan has yet to establish a comparative nationwide perspective to the issue. This perspective is what is needed to establish robust theories and methods to consider the political, historical, and cultural aspects of extremism seen among university students. This will enable us to understand how students and people in the wider population find themselves drawn into radicalisation and extremism.